Grammar Lessons

Understanding and applying grammar rules is of utmost importance in written and spoken English. Proper grammar aids in conveying ideas clearly and enables seamless communication. This tutorial will guide you through the essential grammar lessons of the English language.

Parts of Speech


A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples include boy, park, car, and freedom.


Pronouns are words that replace or stand in for nouns in a sentence to avoid repetition. Examples include he, she, it, and they.

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Reflexive Pronouns
  3. Relative Pronouns
  4. Possessive Pronouns
  5. Demonstrative Pronouns
  6. Indefinite pronouns
  7. Interrogative Pronouns
  8. Reciprocal Pronouns
  9. Intensive/Emphatic Pronouns


A verb shows an action or a state of being. Examples of action verbs include run, speak, and write. Examples of state of being verbs are am, is, and are.

  1. Principal parts of a verb
  2. Auxiliary Verbs
  3. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  4. Regular and Irregular Verbs
  5. Linking Verbs
  6. Finite Verb and Nonfinite Verb
  7. Stative/state verbs
  8. Other types of verbs
  9. Moods of the verb
  10. Conjugation of verb


Adjectives describe or modify nouns or pronouns. They answer questions like which one, what kind, how many. Examples include happy, blue, and seven.

  1. Types of Adjectives
  2. Comparative Adjectives
  3. Participial Adjectives
  4. Adjectives Function as Nouns
  5. Position of adjective in a sentence
  6. Order of Adjectives


Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They answer questions like how, when, where, how much. Examples include quickly, tomorrow, and very.

  1. Types of Adverbs
  2. Comparison of Adverbs
  3. Forming Adverbs
  4. Position of Adverbs


Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence. Examples include and, but, so, and because.

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions
  2. Subordinating Conjunctions
  3. Correlative Conjunctions
  4. Connecting Conjunctions
  5. Conjunctions Function as Preposition, Adverb, or Adjective
  6. The conjunction ‘that’


Prepositions show a relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and another word in a sentence. Examples include in, on, at, and over.

  1. Prepositions of Time
  2. Prepositions of Place
  3. Prepositions of Direction
  4. Prepositions of Manner/Prepositions of Cause and Effect
  5. Simple and Compound Prepositions
  6. Same word used as preposition and other parts of speech
  7. Same Word used as preposition and adverb
  8. Positions of preposition in the sentence
  9. Ending a sentence with a preposition

Sentence Structure

Sentence structure refers to the construction and organization of sentences in English. Proper sentence structure is crucial for clear and effective communication.

A complete sentence has a subject (who or what the sentence is about) and a predicate (what is said about the subject).

Types of Sentences

  1. Declarative sentences make a statement. Example: The sky is blue.
  2. Imperative sentences give a command or make a request. Example: Please close the door.
  3. Interrogative sentences ask a question. Example: What time is it?
  4. Exclamatory sentences express strong emotion. Example: What a beautiful sunset!


  1. What is a Sentence?
  2. Subject and Predicate
  3. Subject Complement
  4. Sentence Structures
  5. Sentence Functions
  6. Agreement within a Sentence
  7. Sentence Errors
  8. Parallelism
  9. Summary: Proper sentence construction

Verb Tenses

Verb tenses indicate when an action happens. English has three basic tenses: past, present, and future. Each basic tense has four forms:

  1. Simple
  2. Progressive
  3. Perfect
  4. Perfect Progressive

Present Tenses:

Past Tenses:

Future Tenses:


Punctuation marks help clarify meaning, indicate a pause or a stop, and bring order to our writing. Here are some punctuations and their uses:

Period (.)

A period ends a sentence.

Comma (,)

A comma separates items in a list, an independent clause, or elements in a sentence that need a slight break.

Semicolon (;)

A semicolon separates two related independent clauses.

Colon (:)

A colon introduces a list, a quote, or an explanation.

Question Mark (?)

A question mark ends a sentence that asks a question.

Exclamation Point (!)

An exclamation point shows strong emotion or emphasis.

Quotation Marks (“ ”)

Quotation marks enclose direct quotes, dialogue, or titles of short works.

Apostrophe (‘)

An apostrophe shows possession or contraction.

All Lessons


Grammar is the backbone of any language. Mastery of English grammar not only enhances your writing skills but also improves your communication skills. Practice and continual learning are vital for improving and maintaining your grammar proficiency. Happy studying!