Writing: Paragraph


In effective writing, paragraphing plays a significant role by improving the readability and structure of your content. It involves dividing a piece of writing into parts or "paragraphs" that are structurally independent but linked together to form a coherent piece of writing. This guide takes an in-depth look at the art of writing paragraphs.

Structure of a Paragraph

A well-structured paragraph must have the following three components:

  • Topic Sentence: This is the first sentence of your paragraph that introduces the main idea or the topic to be discussed.
  • Supporting Sentences: These sentences provide evidence, examples, or explanations that support the main idea introduced by the topic sentence.
  • Concluding Sentence: This sentence wraps up your paragraph's discussion and links to the subsequent paragraph if any.


  • Topic Sentence: "The cello is a versatile instrument with a rich, melodious tone."
  • Supporting Sentences: "It can play both melody and harmony, making it a key instrument in string ensembles. The deep, warm sound of a cello is often compared to the human voice. Its wide pitch range enables it to perform virtuosic solos."
  • Concluding Sentence: "This unique ability to blend and stand out makes the cello an indispensable instrument."

Types of Paragraphs

Paragraphs can be categorized into four types based on the purpose they serve:

  • Narrative Paragraph: This type of paragraph tells a story or narrates an event or series of events. It describes actions, changes, or consequences that affect the characters.
  • Descriptive Paragraph: This kind of paragraph describes a person, place, thing, or idea. It employs sensory details to paint a vivid picture for readers.
  • Expository Paragraph: An expository paragraph explains a concept, provides information, or explores an idea. This type of paragraph usually includes factual information.
  • Persuasive Paragraph: This paragraph aims to persuade the reader to accept a particular point of view or encourage certain actions. It contains strong arguments, facts, and reasons to support the writer's stance.

The Unity and Coherence of a Paragraph

Two crucial features of a well-written paragraph are unity and coherence.


Unity signifies that a paragraph discusses a single idea introduced by the topic sentence. The supporting sentences should focus on it without deviating into unrelated topics.


Coherence implies that the paragraph is logically organised and the ideas within the paragraph transition smoothly from one to another. Effective transitional phrases, parallel structures, and consistent use of verb tense contribute to a paragraph's coherence.

Paragraph Length

While there is no prescribed length for a paragraph, it's important to keep balance and coherence in mind. A long paragraph might appear as a wall of text that may disengage the reader. Similarly, too many short paragraphs might make your text appear disjointed.

Tips for Writing Effective Paragraphs

  • Start with a clear topic sentence to define the paragraph's focus.
  • Provide clear, concise supporting sentences that expand on your point.
  • Use transition words or phrases to ensure the flow and readability of your writing.
  • Ensure all sentences within a paragraph contribute towards the central idea or argument put forward.
  • Use the concluding sentence as a tool to connect different paragraphs and build a cohesive text.


Writing superb paragraphs requires practice and understanding. By focusing on the paragraph's structure, unity, and coherence, you can significantly elevate the quality of your writing. Remember, the goal of a paragraph is not only to share information but also to deliver it in a readable and engaging manner.

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