In English grammar, a verb is an essential part of sentence structure. It denotes an action, occurrence or state of being. You might already be aware of action verbs and linking verbs, but there are other types of verbs as well. We are going to learn about more types of verbs that contribute significantly in adding details and depth to your expressions when using English. These include transitive verbs, intransitive verbs, modal verbs, auxiliary verbs, and phrasal verbs.
A transitive verb is a type of verb that needs one or more objects to complete its meaning. If a verb is transitive, it is obligatory to have an object, otherwise, the sentence doesn't make sense.
In these examples, "wash", "buy", and "enjoy" are transitive verbs, and "the dishes", "a car", and "the movie" are their corresponding objects.
Unlike transitive verbs, intransitive verbs do not require objects to complete their meaning. They stand alone without an object and still make sense.
In these sentences, 'cries', 'runs', and 'rained' are the intransitive verbs.
Modal verbs are also known as 'auxiliary' or 'helping' verbs. They help to express the mood of other verbs and give them additional meaning related to necessity, permission, possibility, obligation, ability, or capability.
There are nine main modal verbs in English: can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.
Auxiliary verbs, commonly known as helping verbs, are used with a main verb to show the verb’s tense, to form a negative sentence, or to ask a question. The primary auxiliary verbs are 'be', 'do', and 'have'. They either help the main verb, or act as one.
Here, 'have', 'do' and 'is' are auxiliary verbs that help to form the perfect tense with 'finished', ask a question with 'want', and denote continuous tense with 'raining'.
A phrasal verb is a verb combined with one or two words, usually prepositions or adverbs, to form a phrase with a specific meaning. Such verbs add a different and unique meaning to the sentence, different from their constituent words.
'He turned off', and 'I will look into' are phrasal verbs adding specific meanings to the sentences.
Remember that understanding these different types of verbs and their uses can enhance your English writing and speaking skills significantly. Also, it improves your understanding of the structure and complexity of the language. Hopefully, this guide has paved the way for you to explore and master these other types of verbs in English grammar.