Positions of Preposition in the Sentence

Introduction to the Position of Prepositions in a Sentence

In this guide, we will explore all about the positions of prepositions in sentences. Prepositions are small but significant words that create connections between other words in sentences. They serve as a link, providing clarity and intricacy to sentences by showing relationships in time, space, or logic. To understand prepositions better, it is crucial to grasp their positions in sentences.

What are Prepositions?

Prepositions are words or a group of words that indicate location (in, near, on, upon), time (before, after, during, until), direction (to, into, across), and other relationships. Examples include at, by, with, about, and between, among others.

Positions of Prepositions

As the name implies, prepositions usually come 'before' the noun or pronoun they modify, acting as a connective tissue between different parts of a sentence. However, they can be positioned differently in a sentence depending on how they are used.

Prepositions at the Beginning of a Sentence

In some cases, sentences may start with prepositions. This usage is more prevalent in various forms of literature (fiction, poetry, etc.) or informal speech, than in academic or professional writing.

For example:

  • "On our trip to Rome, we visited the Colosseum."
  • In this example, the preposition "on" begins the sentence, and is followed by the noun phrase "our trip to Rome".

    Prepositions in the Middle of a Sentence

    This is the most common position of prepositions. They usually come after verbs or adjectives and before nouns or pronouns. This type of preposition is often referred to as a dependent preposition as it depends on the word it follows.

    For example:

  • "He is fond of chocolate."
  • In this sentence, the preposition "of" is located in the middle, connecting the adjective "fond" with the noun "chocolate".

    Prepositions at the End of a Sentence

    Despite a common myth that sentences should never end with a preposition, it is completely grammatically correct in English, especially in informal language and direct questions. However, in formal writing, it's best to avoid this structure if possible.

    For example:

  • "What are you looking for?"
  • In this question, the preposition "for" is placed at the end of the sentence.

    Prepositions in Relative Clauses

    Relative clauses can complicate the position of prepositions. When a relative pronoun is the object of a verb or preposition, the preposition can occur at the beginning or the end of the relative clause.

    For example:

  • "The professor with whom I studied is on sabbatical."
  • "The professor I studied with is on sabbatical."
  • In these examples, the preposition "with" can either start the relative clause or end the sentence.


    Prepositions are integral to the English language. They occur in various positions in sentences, either at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end. Understanding the position of prepositions in sentences can greatly enhance your English language proficiency, writing skills, and overall communication ability. Remember, practice makes perfect. Try to incorporate this learned knowledge into your daily use of English, be it casual conversation, professional communication, or academic writing. You will soon find making correct use of prepositions in sentences a breeze.

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