- 5. Relative Clause / Adjective Clause
- 7. Restrictive (or defining) and Non-restrictive (or non-defining) Relative Clauses
A finite clause is a main clause or a subordinate clause that must have a verb to show tense. The verb can be in the present tense or past tense. The tense can be changed from the present tense to the past tense or past tense to the present tense. Because the verb in the present tense or past tense is called a finite verb, the clause that contains a finite verb is called a finite clause.
A non-finite clause is a subordinate clause that is based on a to-infinitive or a participle. It contains a verb that does not show tense, which means it does not show the time at which something happened. There are three types of nonfinite clauses.
a) To-infinitive clause
In this clause, the verb comes after the word to.
b) Present participle clause (or –ing clause)
In this clause, the verb ending in – ing is used.
c) Past participle clause
In this clause, the past participle form of the verb is used.
A subordinate conjunction is often used to begin a non-finite clause. The subordinate conjunctions used here are if, unless, though.