The verb in the simple present tense is the same as the base form of the verb. If the subject of a sentence is a singular noun (a man, an apple) or singular pronoun (he, she, it), and the main verb that follows it is in the simple present tense, it (main verb) has an –s added to it: the man/he/she/it eats.
We use the simple present tense:
to show a fact or something that is always true.
- The heart pumps blood through the body.
- A dentist treats people's teeth.
- He does not speak a word of English.
- Dogs bark.
- Some birds sleep by day and hunt by night.
for daily routines or something done regularly or habitually.
- I never work on weekends.
- We brush our teeth in the morning.
- He smokes two packets of cigarettes a day.
- She goes to church on Sundays.
for an action that is planned to happen in the future.
- The train for Birmingham departs at seven o'clock.
- The meeting begins in an hour's time.
- The new supermarket opens next week.
- The match starts in exactly ten minutes.
to express thoughts, feelings and states.
- It matters a great deal to him to win the championship.
- They feel a lot of loyalty to the company.
- Jill doubts the truth of his statement.
- She deeply regrets saying those nasty things about him.
to express one’s opinions or beliefs.
- I agree with most of what you have said.
- Some of us don’t agree we will all get a pay rise this year.
- I believe what she said about ghosts is true.
with adverbs such as always, never, often, rarely, seldom, sometimes, and usually to indicate the way that something often happens.
- We will never eat at that restaurant again.
- The beach is a bit far, but sometimes we walk all the way there.
- She rarely talks about her husband.
- The boss usually arrives earlier than most of us.
for timetable, schedule, plan, and programmes.
- The zoo is open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
- The first flight for London leaves at 6.30 a.m.
- There is a television programme at six o'clock about cooking.
- The weekly meeting is held in the conference room on Monday at 2.00 p.m.
for sports, commentaries, reviews (book, film, play, etc.) and narration.
- John passes the ball to Johnny. But Johnny misses it.
- She plays her role marvellously.
- The witch suddenly appears out of nowhere and whacks him with the broom.
in newspaper headlines.
- PRESIDENT DUNNO RESIGNS.
- POLICE DISCOVER MORE DEAD BODIES.
for instructions, directions.
- Mix the flour and water together, then add sugar.
- Go straight on and when you come to the first traffic lights, turn left.
in "I declare, I promise, I assure, etc.
- I declare this pet show open.
- I promise you, I won't do anything stupid.
- I assure you everything will be all right.
with the following time expressions: all the time, at night/the weekend, every day/week/month/year, in the morning/afternoon/evening, on Mondays/Tuesday, etc., once/twice a day/week, etc.
- He picks his nose all the time.
- Tom often goes to the library in the evening.
- My father never works at weekends.
- The flight to Timbuktu goes twice a week.
To ask a question in the simple present tense, the auxiliary verb do (plural) or does (singular) is used.
- Do you go to church?
- Do they know they are behaving like idiots?
- Does it bark only in the daytime?
- Does she always talk for hours on the phone?