Here are the different types of adjectives: descriptive adjectives, adjectives of quantity, demonstrative adjectives, and possessive adjectives. Among them, descriptive adjectives are probably the most common.

Descriptive adjectives

Among the different types of adjectives, descriptive adjectives (careless, black, small, long, fat, English, Mediterranean, three-cornered).are the most numerous. Remember that adjectives modify or describe nouns only and not verbs. Adjectives describe nouns that refer to action (kind act, hard work); state that comes after linking verbs (feel tired, was excited), or quality (strong wind, sad story). 

Descriptive adjectives are the most numerous of the different types of adjectives. These adjectives describe nouns that refer to action, state, or quality (careless, dangerous, excited, sad, black, white, big, small, long, fat, English, Mediterranean, three-cornered).

Examples:

  • dangerous chemicls
  • green vegetables
  • a square box
  • a big house
  • a tall tree
  • a cold morning
  • a powerful motorbike
  • English language
  • Mediterranean couintry

 

Adjective of quantity

An adjective of quantity tells us the number (how many) or amount (how much) of a noun. But it doesn't say exactly how many or how much.

Examples:

  • He has eaten three apples.
  • I don't have enough pocket money.
  • They brought along a few sandwiches.
  • There is a little dust on the bookshelf.
  • There are some birds in tha tree.
  • We have much wine for the guests.
  • This long, thin centipede has many legs.

 

Demonstrative adjective

There are four words that are used as demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those. We use this and that with nouns to show the nouns are singular (this/that computer = one computer) and these and those with nouns to show they are plural (these/those ants = more than one ant). 

 plural

Examples:

  • This dog had no tail.
  • That pig has a curly tail.
  • These trousers are now too tight for me.
  • Those monkeys are noisy.

 

Demonstrative adjectives should not be confused with demonstrative pronouns. Whether they are demonstrative adjectives or demonstrative pronouns depends on how they are used in a sentence. One way to distinguish between them is that demonstrative pronouns are not used before a noun. Instead, they are used by themselves in place of a noun.
 

Possessive adjective

A possessive adjective, also called a possessive determiner, expresses possession of a noun by someone or something by modifying the noun. Possessive adjectives are the same as possessive pronouns. All the possessive adjectives are listed in the following table:

Possessive adjectives
Singular Plural
my our
your your
his their
her their
its their

 

Examples of possessive adjectives

Examples:

  • I spent my afternoon painting the toilet.
  • This must be your missing pencil.
  • His arms have a few tattoos.
  • Its skin is dry and rough.
  • Our grandmothers were classmates.