What is a Participle?

A participle is a verbal; that is, a word formed from a verb. There are two forms of participle that indicate present and past actions or states: present particle and past participle. Present particles are formed by adding the suffix –ing to the base form of verbs: be – being; laugh – laughing; hope – hoping. Past participles are formed by adding the suffix –ed to regular verbs or by changing the form of the verb, typically the ending for irregular verbs.


Both participles ending in -ing and –ed are also used as adjectives that modify nouns or pronouns. When a participle modifies a noun, it functions as an adjective and is known as a participial adjective. Besides adjectives, participles can also be used as nouns.


1. Participles and Verb Tenses

2. Present Particles (I)

3. Present Particles (II)

4. Past Particles

5. Fused Participles

6. Dangling Participles