Some and any are determiners indicating quantities (quantifiers).

Examples:

  • Grandpa believes some dinosaurs still exist in the Amazon jungle.
  • Any living dinosaur found would be headline news in all newspapers.

 

We use some in statements and any in questions and after negatives.

Examples:

  • I want some cake.
  • Do you want any cake?
  • No, I don’t want any cake.

 

We use some and any before plural countable nouns and singular uncountable nouns

Positive (some)

Examples:

Plural countable:

  • There are some coins in the piggy bank.
  • I have some peanuts for the monkeys.

Singular uncountable:

  • Is there any money in the piggy bank?
  • Is there any more oxtail soup?

 

Questions (any)

Examples:

Plural countable:

  • Are there any coins in the piggy bank?
  • Do you have any peanuts for the monkeys?

Singular uncountable:

  • Is there any money in the piggy bank?
  • Is there any more oxtail soup?

 

Negative (any)

Examples:

Plural countable:

  • No, there aren’tany coins in the piggy bank.
  • don’t have any peanuts for the monkeys.

Singular uncountable:

  • No, there isn’t any money in the piggy bank.
  • There's isn't any oxtail soup left.

 

We usually use any for questions whose answers are uncertain. We can also use some for questions whose answers are possible yes.

Examples:

  • Is there any medicine for my cough?
  • Do you want some medicine for your cough?

 

We can use some and any to mean one.

Examples:

  • Some idiot put a pile of rubbish on top of my car. (= one idiot)
  • What type of girl do I want? I like any girl.

 

We can use some and any as a plural form for countable nouns.

Examples:

  • Here is a picture of Titanic.
  • Here are some pictures of Titanic.
  • There is an ostrich roaming the streets.
  • There are some ostriches roaming the streets.
  • Is there a duck swimming on my pond?
  • Are there any ducks swimming on my pond?

 

We may omit some or any from sentences or questions without affecting their meanings.

Examples:

  • There is some dirt under the table.
  • There is dirt under the table.
  • Do you have any children?
  • Do you have children?