Determiners and most adjectives come in front of a noun, and often thought of as being the same. This is not so, as they do not belong to the same category. Only some determiners, but certainly not all determiners, act like adjectives. A determiner is usually needed in a sentence, while an adjective, being a modifier, is not necessary. Both determiners and adjectives serve the same function of modifying a noun by giving more information. But they differ; for example, a determiner indicates whether the noun is a specific one or expresses the position of the noun in relation to the writer or speaker, whereas an adjective describes the quality of the noun.
Determiners include quantifiers, which are words or phrases used before a noun to show its quantity. Examples of quantifiers are: all, many, much, most, one, some, a few, and a lot of, etc.
Determiners and quantifiers are useful in letting us know more about the noun that they refer. For example, this thing identifies something that is close at hand; her wig means the wig belongs to her; another donkey tells of one more donkey; and a few marbles refers to a small number of marbles.
Most of the words used as determiners are also used as pronouns. However, the possessive determiners (my, your, his, her, its, our, and their) and a few other determiners cannot be used as pronouns: the, a, an, every, no, and other. To use the latter ones as pronouns, use one (instead of a or an), each (instead of every), none (instead of no), and others (instead of other).