Adjectives that end in –ing do one of these things.
(a) The –ing adjective tells us that something is still going on.
  • What has become of my missing wallet?
  • Some countries are experiencing a dwindling population due to very low birth rate.
  • There are people who doubt the disappearing rain forest contributes to global warming.
(b) The –ing adjective shows how something affects us.
  • It was a very tiring day at the workplace.
  • It’s amazing that the university student is only 16.
  • That noise he’s making is getting annoying.


  • The –ing adjective can come before a noun.
    We are running short of cooking oil.
  • The –ing adjective can come after a helping verb.
    It was a disturbing dream I had last night.
  • The –ing adjective can come after an adverb.
    The movie was very disappointing.


  • The –ing adjective can come after the possessive adjective.
    We really appreciate your helping us to milk the cows.
    I can’t understand his behaving strangely whenever there is a full moon.
    She doesn’t mind our going over for the game of mahjong.