A clause is a group of words containing a subject and predicate or a finite verb. (A finite verb is a form of a verb that shows the tense, number and person.) A clause can be a simple sentence or part of a sentence.
Different elements – subject, verb, indirect object, direct object, complement, and adverbial – combined to form a clause as shown in the table that follows:
|Subject||Verb||Indirect object||Direct object||Complement||Adverbial|
|Some guests||have left.|
|They||are playing||outside their house.|
|Bob||gave||his dog||a biscuit.|
|Jane||met||her boyfriend||at the tennis club.|
There are two kinds of clauses: main (or independent) clauses and subordinate (or dependent) clauses. The main clause is also referred to as the principal clause. There are different types of subordinate clauses as shown here: