The use of a tense in a passive sentence must be the same as that in the active sentence.

Simple present

 

Examples:

  • Active: The big monkey scratches the small monkey.
  • Passive: The small monkey is scratched by the big monkey.

 

Simple present continuous

Examples:

  • Active: Their dog is chasing my cat.
  • Passive: My cat is being chased by their dog.
 
Present perfect

 

Examples:

  • Active: The men have loaded the sheep onto trucks.
  • Passive: The sheep have been loaded onto trucks (by the men).

 

Simple past

Examples:

  • Active: That kid kicked me on my knee.
  • Passive: I was kicked on my knee (by that kid).

 

Past continuous

 

Examples:

  • Active: The gang members were discussing the planned robbery.
  • Passive: The planned robbery was being discussed (by the gang members).

 

Past perfect

 

Examples:

  • Active: The hunter had shot two wild boars.
  • Passive: Two wild boars had been shot by the hunter.

 

Simple future

 

Examples:

  • Active: The children will blow up these balloons.
  • Passive: These balloons will be blown up (by the children).

 

Future continuous

 

Examples:

  • Active: She will be painting the doghouse.
  • Passive: The doghouse will be being painted (by her).

 

Future perfect

 

Examples:

  • Active: The police will have questioned the suspects.
  • Passive: The suspects will have been questioned (by the police).

 

Modals

 

Examples:

  • Active: He should/must sell his car.
  • Passive: His car should/must be sold (by him).

 

Modal continuous

 

Examples:

  • We may be building a giant sandcastle.
  • A giant sandcastle may be being built (by us).

 

Modal perfect

 

Examples:

  • Active: The robber could have shot his victim in the head. .
  • Passive: The victim could have been shot in the head by the robber.