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When using conjunctions in a sentence, ensure the words, phrases or clauses have the same grammatical structure.

 

 

Conjunctions connect same parts of speech.

Examples:

  • I have a brother and a sister. (Noun linked to noun)
  • We joked and laughed. (Verb to verb)
  • She is tall and beautiful. (Adjective to adjective)
  • He often eats quickly and noisily. (Adverb to adverb)

 

 

Conjunctions connect phrases.

Examples

  • The fisherman is carrying a bucket of fish and walking along the beach. 
  • They were running across the field and jumping over the fence.
    (Both phrases are of continuous tense.)
  • I enjoy watching TV and eating popcorn at the same time
  • He likes listening to ghost stories and visiting haunted places.
    (Both are gerund phrases.)

 

 

Conjunctions connect clauses.
In joining clauses, we leave out some words. 
 

Examples:

  • We went closer. We were able to see it better.
  • We went closer and were able to see it better..
  • The zoo has two hippos. It also has two camels..
  • The zoo has two hippos and two camels.
  • She is friendly. She is not very considerate.
  • She is friendly but not very considerate.
  • Will you have a coffee? Or will you have a tea?
  • Will you have a coffee or tea?.