touch at:  Our ship touched at Cape Town for a few hours. (To call briefly at a port)
touch down:  The big crowd cheered when the spacecraft touched down safely. (To come or bring down to the ground)
touch in: His painting is almost finished; he’s touching in some small details to improve on it. (To mark slightly with a brush, pencil, colour, etc)

touch off:  The build-up of gas touched off a series of small explosions. (To cause something to explode)

touch off:  The book touched off a storm of controversy. (To cause an action or a process to begin) 

touch on:  In his lecture on the subject, he touched on the writer. (To deal briefly with something else when speaking or writing)

touch up:  She touched up her face before meeting him. (To make minor improvements)

try for:  They tried very hard for an equalizing goal in the second half. (To make an attempt at achieving something)

try on:  She tried it on but it didn’t fit her. (To put on an item of clothing to see if it fits or suits)

try out:  They tried her out for the supporting role in the comedy film. (To undergo a competitive qualifying test)

try out:  When you are at the seaside resort, don’t forget to try out the seafood dishes. (To test to see if you like it)

turn against:  His supporters turned against him when he defected to the opposition party. (To disagree with or become hostile to someone or something)

turn around:  A new general manager was appointed to turn around the ailing company. (To transform an unsuccessful business into a successful one)

turn away:  They turned a group of visitors away as it was closing time. (To refuse entry to someone)

turn away:  The slow service of the restaurant turned away potential customers. (To force someone to go somewhere else)
turn away:  When I saw the blood at the accident scene, I turned away. (To move your face so that you are not looking at the same thing)

turn back:  We had better turn back as the sea is getting too rough for sailing in a small boat. (To go back in the direction one has come from) 

turn down:  She turned down his proposal for the tenth time. (To reject)

turn down:  How many times do I have to tell you to turn down the radio? (To lower the volume, heat, etc)

turn in:  Someone turned my lost passport in to the police. (To hand something over to someone)

turn in:  It’s rather late; it’s time we turned in. (To go to bed)
turn in:  A gang member turned the leader in to the police. (To inform on)
turn in:  This is the first quarter that the new company is expected to turn in a profit. (To make a return)
turn in:  He was forced to turn in his letter of resignation, failing which he would be sacked. (To hand in)

turn into:  There was loud applause when the magician turned a carrot into a rabbit. (To change something into something else)

turn into:  The fishing village has been turned into a seaside resort. (To transform a place)

turn off:  His arrogance really turned her off. (To repel or make repelled)

turn off:  We turned off the highway and went down a bumpy road to reach our destination. (To leave one road and enter another)
turn off:  When you turn off the tap, you do it clockwise. (To stop something from operating)

turn on:  Girls with long hair really turn me on. (To excite or become excited, especially sexually)

turn on:  It’s nearly dark already; why are you still not turning on your car light? (To cause something to begin operating)
turn on:  Why turn on him when he has nothing to do with it? (To attack someone)

turn out:  It turned out that the butler was the one who committed the murder. (To discover something previously unknown, or unexpectedly)

turn out:  An estimated ten thousand people turned out for the fireworks display. (To assemble as for a public event)
turn out:  The burglar who stole the diamond turned out to be the police inspector. (To be found out)
turn out:  The district has the highest number of people in the country turning out to vote. (To take part or to attend)
turn out:  With the new machine, they are able to turn out 500 packets per hour. (To produce something through a manufacturing process)
turn out:  Initially, none of us believed his story which turned out to be true. (To result in or have a particular outcome)

turn over:  The abandoned baby was turned over to the welfare department. (To transfer someone or something to someone else)

turn over:  We think his new business is turning over at least a few thousand dollars a month. (To make an amount of money in a given period)
turn over:  If you are not watching, we are turning over to the other channel. (To switch to another television station or channel)
turn over:  He couldn’t get to sleep as he kept turning the thought over in his mind. (To think about something)

turn to:  She turned to drugs to get over her depression. (To seek help from something)

turn to:  If you turn to page 123, you will find the next page missing. (To look for a page in a book)
turn to:  She turned to counseling for her depression. (To go to someone for advice)

turn up:  A woman who was reported missing a few weeks ago turned up at the press office. (To appear suddenly or unexpectedly)

turn up:  The police combed the entire area, but turned up no clues to the murder. (To find something)
turn up:  Less than half of the invited guests turned up for the event. (To be present publicly; to arrive)
turn up:  He missed the appointment as something that required his urgent attention turned up. (To occur unexpectedly)  
turn up:  Don’t turn up the volume on the television; I want to take a nap. (To increase the level of something such as heat, sound, light, etc)