Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns (people, places, things, or animals) or pronouns. They describe the noun by telling us its size, shape, age, colour, etc. Adjectives usually come before the noun or pronoun, or sometimes they can come after it. Other parts of speech such as articles (the, a, an) are sometimes classified as adjectives.
The following are the subsections in this lesson:
As modifiers of nouns, adjectives give us some information about the nouns such as size, shape, age, colour, where the nouns come from, what material they are made of and for what purpose.
There are different kinds of adjectives which include the following:
- Demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, and those. We use them to point out specific people or things.There are different kinds of adjectives which include the following:
- Descriptive adjectives are the most common adjectives. We use them to describe nouns.
- Interrogative adjectives are words such as what, which, and whose that modify nouns. We use an interrogative adjective with a noun to ask a question.
- Indefinite adjectives are words like all, any, each, few, many, much, most, several, and some that describe nouns in a general or non-specific manner.
- Possessive adjectives modify nouns or noun phrases and are words such as my, your, his, her, its, our, and their which we use before nouns to show possession.
- an article (a, an, the) and a noun: a sandy beach, an old church, the vast ocean
- a demonstrative (this, that, these, those) and a noun: this new book, that wild horse
- an amount (all, few, most, several, some, most) and a noun: few volunteers, several mistakes
Adjectives as complements
Adjectives can act as complements although not all complements are adjectives. Complements are words that complete the predicate of a sentence with the use of the verb to be. The predicate is the part of a sentence or clause (that includes the verb) which tells us what the subject does or is.