A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and its object which can be a noun, noun phrase or a pronoun.

A prepositional phrase can be two or commonly there words long. It can also be much longer.

Examples:

  • She spent a large amount of money on clothes.
  • We could feel the spray from the waterfall.
  • There were coins in the wishing well.
  • We set up camp beneath an enormous gnarled old oak tree.

 

There may be modifiers of the object in a prepositional phrase: 

Examples:

  • She rented an apartment above a pet shop.
    (Above a pet shop is a prepositional phrase, and pet is a modifier of the object shop.)
  • We took shelter in a dark cave.
    (In a dark cave is a prepositional phrase, and dark is a modifier of the object cave.)
  • Last night, I dreamed she flew away on a witch's broom.
    (On a witch's broom is a prepositional phrase, and witch's modifies the object broom.)

 

A sentence can have two prepositional phrases. They may follow each other with their own objects.

Examples:

  • The farm lies on a hill above a lake.
  • We stayed in a cottage near a cemetery.
  • There are a few chicken eggs in that box of duck eggs.

 

Prepositional phrases (underlined) can be joined by coordinating conjunctions (in bold).

Examples:

  • We quarreled in the bedroom and in the kitchen.
  • We are going to dine on pasta or on fresh local fish.

 

A prepositional phrase may include another phrase. It can also be an adjective phrase or an adverbial phrase.

Examples:

  • We were the only passengers in the last night train.
    (The preposition is in, and the noun phrase is the last night train.)
  • The manager was a woman with thick glasses.
    (The preposition is with, and the adjective phrase is with thick glasses.)
  • He lost his car keys at the coffee bar.
    (The preposition is at, and the adverbial phrase is at the coffee bar.). 
  • The beach is a nice place for walking on barefoot.
    (The preposition is for, and the participial phrase is walking on barefoot.)