A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and its object which can be a noun, noun phrase or a pronoun.
A prepositional phrase can be two or commonly there words long. It can also be much longer.
There may be modifiers of the object in a prepositional phrase:
- She rented an apartment above a pet shop.
(Above a pet shop is a prepositional phrase, and pet is a modifier of the object shop.)
- We took shelter in a dark cave.
(In a dark cave is a prepositional phrase, and dark is a modifier of the object cave.)
- Last night, I dreamed she flew away on a witch's broom.
(On a witch's broom is a prepositional phrase, and witch's modifies the object broom.)
A sentence can have two prepositional phrases. They may follow each other with their own objects.
Prepositional phrases (underlined) can be joined by coordinating conjunctions (in bold).
A prepositional phrase may include another phrase. It can also be an adjective phrase or an adverbial phrase.
- We were the only passengers in the last night train.
(The preposition is in, and the noun phrase is the last night train.)
- The manager was a woman with thick glasses.
(The preposition is with, and the adjective phrase is with thick glasses.)
- He lost his car keys at the coffee bar.
(The preposition is at, and the adverbial phrase is at the coffee bar.).
- The beach is a nice place for walking on barefoot.
(The preposition is for, and the participial phrase is walking on barefoot.)