A gerund phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement. Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, objet of a preposition, or subject complement in a sentence.
 

A gerund phrase can act as:

Examples:

  • Subject: Riding a camel looks easy to me.
    (Riding a camel is a gerund phrase acting as a subject in the sentence.)
  • Direct object: He enjoys milking the farmer's cows.
    (Milking the farmer's cows is a gerund phrase acting as a direct object in the sentence.)
  • Indirect object: She likes baking cakes for her children.
    (Baking cakes is a gerund phrase acting as an indirect object in the sentence.)
  • Object of prepositon: He's thinking of running a seafood restaurand.
    (Running a seafood restaurant is a gerund phrase acting as on object of the preposition of in the sentence.)
  • Subject complement: Mike's only pastime is cycling along the coastal road.
    (Cycling along the coastal road is a gerund phrase acting as a subject complement in the sentence.)