Subsections in this lesson are:

A verb is a word or more than one word that is used to express an action or a state of being of the subject. The verb is an essential element in the construction of a sentence as almost every sentence has a verb. Without a verb, a sentence is left incomplete.


Most sentences consist of a noun as the subject and a predicate. The predicate typically includes one or more verbs. The verb follows the subject, to which it must match in number, even if there are words intervening between them. The verb in turn is followed by an object or a complement.


A verb takes the infinitive form which includes the word to (to paint, to walk) or a conjugated regular form (paint/paints, walk/walked) that is used in accordance with a grammatical classification such as person, tense or voice. The conjugated irregular verb form introduces a change in its spelling (go/went/gone), or a change in its ending (hide/hid/hidden). Such modification of a verb to express a different grammatical category is also called inflection

A verb can be just a word.
A verb can be more than one word.
A verb connects the subject to the object.
A verb may not have an object.

A verb connects the subject to a complement. The complement or subject complement can be a noun or an adjective.


There are different kinds of verbs

Verbs as a part of speech are divided into regular verbs and irregular verbs.

The verbs can also be divided into transitive verb and intransitive verb.

There are auxiliary verbs (also called helping verb)and main verbs.

There are also verbs that are finite or nonfinite.

Action verb is used to express physical or mental action.

Primary verbs are the verbs be, have, and do that can function as either main verbs or auxiliary verbs.


Conjugation of verb

We can list the different forms of a verb (conjugate) according to voice, tense, aspect, person, gender, number, and mood. We must conjugate a verb to express the different grammatical categories as listed here.


Voice – Verbs can be in the active voice or the passive voice

Tense – Verbs come in three tenses: past, present, and future

Aspect – Verbs have four main aspects: simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive

Person – Verbs are conjugated for each of the six different persons: first person singular (I), second person singular (you), third person singular (he/she/it/one), first person plural (we), second person plural (you), and third person plural (they)

Gender – Verbs have three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter

Number – Verbs have two numbers: singular and plural

Mood – Verbs can be in one of the three moods: indicative, imperative, or subjunctive.