We make changes in time, places, determiners, etc when reporting the direct speech.
||the previous night, the night before
||the previous day, the day before
||the next day, the day after
||the following week
Modal verbs in indirect speech
- "I will be a vegetarian."
- She said (that) she would be a vegetarian.
- "I can swim like a fish."
- He said he could swim like a fish."
- "We may start a new religion."
- They said they might start a new religion.
- "I shall be judged only by God."
- My grandfather said he should be judged only by God.
- "You must behave yourself."
- The teacher told me I must behave myself.
- "You ought to stop talking to yourself."
- My mother said I ought to stop talking to myself.
- "I used to have many girlfriends."
- My father confessed that he used to have many girlfriends.
If the past form of modal verbs would, could, might, and should is used in the direct speech, we do not change them in the indirect speech.
- Annie said, "I would hate to miss the puppet show tonight."
- Annie said she would hate to miss the puppet show that night.
- Joe said, "We could go for a drive after lunch tomorrow."
- Joe suggested that they could go for a drive after lunch the next day.
- Jennifer said to me, "Might I ask you to do me a favour this weekend?"
- Jennifer asked if I might do her a favour that weekend.
- Bob said, "You should be ashamed of yourselves for what you did last night."
- Bob said that they should be ashamed of themselves for what they did the night before.