Will

The modal verb will is used with a main verb, or an auxiliary verb and a main verb to express the future tense. It is also used to show ideas such as willingness, request, probability, etc.

We will be at the funeral gathering tomorrow. (Future)

Examples:

  • I saw the hit-and-run accident and will volunteer as a witness. (Willingness)
  • Will you take my dog out for a walk? (Request)
  • She will be very angry if you call her by her nickname. (Probability/Expectation)
  • Will you not talk to me while I am watching television! (Order/command)
  • She will grumble about her husband each time she visits her mother. (Habitual behavior)
  • If we buy a house, it will have three bedrooms. (Condition)
  • For our lunch, I will (I’ll) take you to that new restaurant. (Intention)
  • He will keep interrupting. (Annoyance)
  • I will (I’ll) look after your kittens while you’re away. (Promise)

 

Future form
Besides being used to show a future action, will indicates a determination to perform the action.

 

Examples:

  • All of us will be there as usual.
  • They will find their way without a map.
  • We will walk all the way there.

 

Asking question
Will is used in the second and third persons (you, he, she, it, they) in asking questions.

 

Examples:

  • Will you bring enough money for our dinner?
  • Will she buy that black cat to keep it as a pet?
  • Will they walk or cycle all the way down that path?

 

Contraction form
The negative and contraction forms of will are won’t.
Will is usually contracted to ’ll when used with a subject pronoun (I, we, you, they, he, she, it): 

 

Examples:

  • It will bark if someone passes by.
    The contraction form is not used when something is to be emphasized:
  • Without emphasis: I won't do it. 
  • With emphasis: I will not do it. 

 

Would
We use would as a past tense of will or to express an idea such as a habitual behaviour, possibility, probability, etc.

 

Examples:

  • Before he left her, he would always tell her he would never leave her. (Past tense of will)
  • He would sing in the shower. (Habitual behavior)
  • I think the world would be struck by a meteorite one day. (Possibility)
  • From his husky voice, that would be Mike at the door. (Probability)
  • I wouldn’t attempt to escape from the prison if I were you. (Advice)
  • Would you like me to give you a lift? (Request/offer)
  • I would be glad to go along. (Willingness)
  • You would enjoy your stay here. (Prediction)
  • What would you do in this situation? (Polite question/Request opinion)
  • His behavior is not what she would expect from a gentleman. (Opinion)
  • I think you would command more respect if you talk less. (Condition)
  • I would love to own a horse like that. (Desire)
  • Would that (= if only) grandpa were still with us now. (Wish)
  • She would not (wouldn’t) say yes, no or maybe. (Negative statement)