301.

fill in

 

 

 

fill out

 

 

 

fill up

To provide answers or information on an official document.

To block up a hole, etc. with something.

To do someone else’s work for a specified reason.

 

To write down all the required information on an official document, e.g. Many people hate filling out forms, but most of the time they have to do it.

 

To fill a place such as a cinema, church, container, etc. with people, things, etc., e.g. As soon as the doors are opened, the cinema quickly started to fill up.

To write down required details on an official document, e.g. I had to fill up everything on the form before I could submit it for approval.

To eat something in excess, e.g. He has a strong liking for cookies and when any are available he will fill up on them.

To keep refilling a glass, etc., e.g. Do you have to keep filling up my glass? I’m feeling a bit tipsy already.

302.

filter … out

To pass liquid or gas through a device to remove impurities or other particles.

303.

find against/for

find out

(Court) to make a decision against/in favour of someone.

To discover information or a fact about someone or something, e.g. They no longer remained friendly to him when they found out he had been a prisoner.

304.

fine … down

To improve something by making it thinner, smaller, more exact, etc.

305.

finish off

 

 

 

 

 

finish up

 

 

finish with

To kill someone or animal, or decisively defeat someone in a match, etc.

To finish eating all of something;

To do the final thing before breaking up or dispersing, e.g. finish off the evening by having a drink.

 

To end up at a particular place or doing one final thing.

To eat or drink all the rest of something.

 

To no longer need to use something.

To end a relationship with someone.

306.

fire back

 

fire off

To shoot back with gun, etc.

To respond promptly and angrily to a question or remark.

To use a weapon to shoot.

To send something quickly, e.g. a fax, letter.

307.

firm … up

To make something such as an agreement, ideas, plan, arrangements, etc. more definite and explicit.

308.

fit in

fit … in

fit … out

fit … up

To adapt to a group

To find time to see someone or do something.

To meet the requirements of someone.

To make someone appear guilty of a crime or wrongdoing by falsifying evidence against them.

309.

fix on

 

fix … up

To decide or settle on a suitable person, thing, etc. for a particular purpose.

To provide someone with something, e.g. They fix us up for a night’s stay at their place.

To arrange a date for someone with a member of the opposite sex, e.g. Jack brought Jill along, hoping his friends will find someone to fix her up with.

To improve on a place to make it more attractive or suitable, e.g. They intend to fix up their house to look more like a palace than a house.

To enhance one’s appearance, e.g. She has fixed herself up gorgeously for it’s her birthday party tonight.

310.

fizzle out

To gradually end in a disappointing way.

311.

flag … down

To wave or signal to a driver to stop.

312.

flake out

To fall asleep because of exhaustion.

313.

flare out

flare up

To suddenly say something angrily.

To suddenly become angry or violent.

314.

flash … around

To flaunt one’s wealth in order to gain admiration.

315.

flesh … out

To add more details to something in order to improve it.

316.

flick through

To look quickly through a book, magazine, set of photographs, etc.

317.

fling … into

fling … off

 

 

fling … out

To get wholeheartedly engaged in an activity or enterprise.

To quickly remove something such as a piece of clothing, cover, etc.

 

To dispose of unwanted things.

To suddenly make someone leave a place or organization.

318.

flip … off

flip out

 

 

flip over

flip through

To rudely show your middle finger to someone.

To suddenly become very angry or upset or start to behave in a crazy way, e.g. Jack flipped out when Jill called to say she couldn’t turn up for the appointment as she was very tired.

To turn something from one side onto the other.

To look quickly through something such as a book, magazine, etc.

319.

flirt with

To behave as though one is sexually attracted to someone but not in a very serious way.

To willingly risk danger, death, etc. without worrying about it.

320.

float around

(Something) to be somewhere, e.g. Everyone knows the spreadsheet file is floating around but no one knows exactly where it is.

(Rumour, information, etc.) to be circulated and talked about, e.g. The latest gossip about the manager’s private affair is floating around in the office building.

321.

flood … out

To force someone to leave their home or to be evacuated because of floods.

322.

flunk out

To be expelled from school or college for failing examinations.

323.

fly at/into

To attack verbally or physically.

To suddenly go into a rage or other strong emotion.

324.

fob … off

 

fob … off on

To satisfy someone by making excuses to deceive them or make them receive something of low quality.

To make someone accept something inferior by trickery.

325.

foist … on/upon

To force to accept someone or something that they do not want.

326.

fold … in

To mix an ingredient with another when preparing food.

327.

follow around

follow through

 

 

 

 

follow up

To keep following someone everywhere they go.

To continue an action after the main task is completed in order to ensure a successful conclusion.

To continue the arm movement of a stroke after the ball has been struck as in sport.

 

To conduct further investigation or probe, e.g. The police follow up the investigation with new information leading to the arrest of the wanted man.

To put in additional efforts to attain a desired aim, e.g. He follows up his doctor’s diagnosis by seeing another specialist for a second opinion.

328.

fool about/around

To waste time behaving in a silly way, e.g. He’s fooling around in the library when he should be reading or doing some writing.

To act in an irresponsible way, e.g. Someone must have fooled around with this telephone, now the public can’t make calls with it.

To engage in a casual or extramarital sexual activity, e.g. A doctor is fooling around with one of his patients and nobody knows about it.

329.

force … back

force … down

force  … on/upon

force … out of

To refrain from displaying one’s emotions.

To forcibly swallow something that one does not want.

To impose something on someone.

To force information out of someone by repeated questioning or threat, etc.,

330.

forge ahead

To make progressive and successful headway.

331.

fork out

To unwillingly pay money for something.

332.

foul up

To spoil something or do something wrong by making mistakes.

333.

freak out

To become or cause someone to become very upset, angry or irrational, e.g. She freaked out when she was stopped by traffic policemen for speeding.

334.

freeze … out

 

 

freeze over

To deliberately exclude someone by adopting a hostile or obstructive attitude.

 

To turn the surface of pool, lake, etc. into ice.

335.

freshen … up

To wash oneself or changing one’s clothes to feel clean and comfortable.

336.

frig about/around

To waste time doing unnecessary or unimportant things.

To treat someone badly or unfairly.

337.

frighten … away

 

 

frighten … off

To make an animal or someone go away by making them feel afraid.

 

To drive someone away by frightening them.

338.

fritter … away

To waste time, money, or effort on something unimportant or trivial.

339.

front for

To act as the person or organization serving as a cover for illegal activities.

340.

frost up

To become covered in frost.

341.

frown on/upon

To disapprove of something, especially someone’s behaviour.

342.

fuck around

 

 

fuck off

 

fuck ... off

 

fuck … over

fuck ... up

fuck up

To behave in a silly way or waste time or other people’s time.

 

To go away.

 

To anger or annoy someone.

 

To treat someone very badly.

To make someone confused or unhappy.

To make a mistake or do something badly.

343.

function as

To fulfil the purpose or task of something.

344.

fuss over

To treat someone with excessive attention or affection.

345.

futz around

To idle or occupy oneself without purpose.

346.

gad

To go to different places in search of pleasure.

347.

gain on/upon

To gradually get closer to a person or thing pursued.

348.

gallop through

To proceed at great speed in doing something.

349.

gamble … away

To lose money or other things by gambling.

350.

gang up on

To join together into a group to intimidate or attack someone.

351.

gas … up

To fill petrol in a car.

352.

gather … in

gather … up

To collect things such as crop, clothes, etc. together.

To pick up lots of things from different places.

353.

gee up

To encourage someone to work harder and quicker.

354.

gen up

gen … up

To learn a lot about something for a specific purpose.

To provide someone with information about something.

355.

get … across

 

get ahead

 

 

 

get along

 

 

 

get around to

 

 

get at

 

 

get away

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get away with

 

 

get back

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get back at

 

 

 

 

 

get back to

 

 

get behind

 

 

get by

 

get down

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get down to

 

get in

 

 

 

 

get into 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get off 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get off on

 

 

 

get on

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get out 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get out of 

 

 

get over

 

 

 

get ... over

 

 

 

 

get round

 

get round to

 

 

get through 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get together

 

 

 

 

 

get up 

 

get ... up

 

 

 

 

get up to

To successfully convey a message, an idea, etc. to someone.

 

To have achieved success in one’s life or career, e.g. He comes from a wealthy family and getting ahead seems easy to him.

 

To manage to live or survive, or interact with people, e.g. He never seems to get along with anybody.

To be able to do something, e.g. He is getting along fine in his new job.

 

To finally do something after some time, e.g. He didn’t get around to preparing for his exam until the last moment.

 

To be able to reach something.

To criticize someone repeatedly.

 

To succeed in leaving a place; escape, e.g. The robbers managed to get away through the back exit just before the police arrived.

To have not been punished or criticized for a wrongful act, e.g. He has been shoplifting for a considerable time, and he always gets away with it.

To take a holiday, e.g. I have been working very hard and long hours, but still have no plan to get away for a week or two.

 

To escape blame or punishment for a wrongful act.

 

To return a place, e.g. I think we can get back in time for dinner.

To have something returned to one, e.g. I lent him my umbrella two days ago and I haven’t got it back.

To move away from danger, etc., e.g. The onlookers were told to get back as the firemen battled the blaze.

To move back to the real discussion, e.g. He was told to get back to the main point of the discussion as his comments seemed irrelevant.

 

To plan to retaliate, e.g. Jill cannot forget what Jack said about her and intends to get back at him.

To take revenge on someone, e.g. He swears he would get back at his step-father who ill-treated him while they were living together.

 

To talk to someone later, e.g. He said he would get back to me, and after two days I’m still waiting.

 

To have not done what one should have done earlier, e.g. He has gotten far behind with his work which should have been finished one week ago.

 

Manage to live but with difficulty or accomplish something.

 

To move from higher to lower level, e.g. I got down to the beach by walking down a flight of steps.

To move someone or something from a higher to lower level, e.g. Some one called a fireman to get a cat down from a tree.

To cause unhappiness, depression, etc. to someone, e.g. The prolonged illness of her mother is beginning to get her down.

 

To start work on something.

 

To try to enter a place, e.g. It was very crowded at the stadium, and those without tickets also tried to get in.

To engage someone to do something, e.g. We have to get the plumber in as the tap isn’t working properly.

 

To enter a place, e.g. We got into the stadium for the match as soon as we arrived there.

To put something into something else, e.g. We tried quite unsuccessfully to get all the things into the luggage.

To come into an adverse situation, e.g. They had to sell off their house when they got into financial difficulty.

To form a habit, routine, etc., e.g. She has gotten into the habit of biting her nails.

 

To escape punishment or be acquitted, e.g. The lucky murderer got off scot-free when the sole witness suddenly passed away.

To alight, e.g. When a train arrives at a station and stops, a lot of people get off it.

To end a telephone conversation, e.g. She started a lengthy telephone conversation and got off it only after being told to do so for the third time by her angry father.

To leave one’s workplace after a day’s work, e.g. Jill is always very punctual getting off the workplace after the day’s work.

To have difficulty removing something, e.g. He has already spent hours trying to get the lid off a drum.

To send something such as a letter, parcel, etc., e.g. The clerk has to get the parcels off by courier service before evening.

 

To find something enjoyable or be excited by something, e.g. He gets off on skydiving and has been doing it for many years.

 

To continue doing something, e.g. We had to get on with it until it’s completed because there isn’t much time left.

To have a friendly relationship with each other, e.g. Having known each other for only a short while we seem to get on very well.

To make progress in one’s activity, e.g. How are you getting on with writing the book?

To climb on to an animal, bicycle, etc., e.g. They have to use a ladder to get on an elephant.

To enter a vehicle, etc. e.g. As soon as the bus opened its door, people rushed to get on it.

To put on something such as clothes, etc., e.g. Those shoes are sure too small for me, I can’t get them on.

To leave or escape from a place, e.g. Visitors to the zoo rushed out for their life when they heard a tiger get out from its enclosure.

 

To help someone leave or escape from a place, e.g. Gang members helped a prisoner get out from the prison.

To have a regular break from the same environment, e.g. Every weekend we get out of this city for an activity in the country.

To run away from danger, etc. We managed to get out when a fire started to burn in the building.

To get something from something else, e.g. He couldn’t get any coin out of his piggy-bank no matter how he tried.

To remove something from something else, e.g. What should I use to get this stubborn stain out of my shirt?

To prevent secret information from being known, e.g. If this information gets out we will be directly implicated.

To publish something, e.g. The first issue should get out at the end of this month.

 

To escape from an unpleasant situation, e.g. He got out of visiting his mother-in-law with his wife by claiming falsely that he had to attend an important office meeting.

 

To succeed in dealing with an unpleasant or difficult situation, e.g. Many speakers prefer to be the first or among the earlier ones on the list to get it over with than to be nervous awaiting their turns.

 

To recover from something such as an illness, a bad experience, etc. Her husband passed away one month ago and she still hasn’t gotten over it.

To go or be asked to go to a place, e.g. I think I’ll call and ask them to get over here for a drinking bout.

 

To complete a task.

 

To resolve a problem; evade something such as a restriction, etc.

 

To deal with a task in due course, e.g. After we get through painting the house, we can start on tiling the floor.

To communicate successfully with someone, e.g. He has explained to his family again and again the need to move house, but he just can’t get through.

To fail in trying to speak to someone by telephone, e.g. He has tried numerous times to call his brother overseas but he has not been able to get through.

To have undergone a bitter experience.

 

To annoy or upset someone, e.g. Now he is looking for someone to blame, but don’t let him get to you.

To arrive at a place, e.g. We managed to get to our destination before it gets dark.

To have to do something, e.g. I haven’t finished my homework; I’ll get to it later.

To upset or annoy someone, e.g. The baby’s constant crying is beginning to get to its young mother.

 

To meet or gather for a specific purpose, e.g. We have agreed to get together tomorrow night to do some crazy thing like looking for ghosts.

To put things in the same place, e.g. We are getting all the ingredients together to make some cakes.

 

To rise from bed when awake, e.g. I don’t feel like getting up in this frosty morning.

 

To make someone wake up and get out of bed, e.g. I think I’ll prepare the breakfast before I get him up.

To stand up from a sitting position, e.g. Everyone present got up when he entered.

 

To be involved in something, especially something illicit, e.g. The neighbours all along didn’t know what he got up to until the police arrived and arrested him.

356.

ginger … up

To make someone or something full of interest or excitement.

357.

give … away

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

give in

 

give out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

give over

 

 

 

give up

 

 

 

 

give ... up

 

 

 

give up on

To willingly transfer one’s thing or things to someone, e.g. He has been giving money away to the various charities.

To unintentionally disclose evidence that implicates someone in a crime, e.g. He told his wife he would work late but instead went to a party after work, and his colleague gave it away when the wife called the office.

To hand over a bride to her bridegroom, e.g. The bride’s father was too sad to give her away, and asked his eldest son to do it instead.

To make a secret known, e.g. The culprit gave himself away by feeling and appearing very nervous when questioned by the police.

 

To stop fighting or arguing and concede to their demand.

 

To distribute something to many people, e.g. Campaign workers give out thousands of leaflets about the danger and prevention of AIDS to everyone on the street.

To stop functioning properly, e.g. As we get older increasingly more parts of our body can easily give out.

To have none left, e.g. Explorers ensure their provisions, especially food and drink, do not give out in the midst of their exploration.

 

To hand over for a particular purpose.

To delegate the responsibility for someone or something to somebody else.

 

To stop doing something before completing it, e.g. He gave up midway in a marathon race because he felt exhausted.

To willingly admit defeat, e.g. When the soldiers realized they were completely outnumbered by the enemy, they gave up without fighting.

 

To hand someone or something to someone else, e.g. give up one’s seat in a bus to an old lady; the missing men were given up for dead.

 

To shop hoping that someone or something will change for the better, e.g. The parents have given up on their drug addict son.

358.

glance at/through

 

 

glance off

To look at or through quickly, e.g. glance through a photo album.

 

To strike a surface at an angle and bounce off in another direction.

359.

glass … in

To cover something with glass or build a glass structure around something.

360.

glory in

To take great pride or pleasure in something, such as praise, people’s attention, etc.

361.

gloss over

To prevent something from being known by avoiding talking about them.

362.

gnaw at

To make someone feel uneasy or distressed.

363.

go about

 

 

 

go after

 

 

 

go against

 

 

go ahead

 

go along with

 

 

 

go around

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go away

 

 

 

 

 

 

go back

 

 

go back on

 

 

 

go by

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go down

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go for

 

 

 

go in

 

 

go in for

 

 

 

 

 

go into

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go off

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go on

 

 

 

 

 

go out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go over

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go round

 

 

go through

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go through with

 

 

 

go under

 

 

go up

 

 

 

 

 

 

go ... up 

 

 

go with 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go without

To begin or continue doing something, e.g. I wish I knew how to go about starting a business.

To do something that you usually do.

 

To pursue someone, especially to apprehend them, e.g. Having arrested most of the gang members, the police are going after the leaders.

 

To oppose or resist something or someone;

To have something such as a judgement, etc. that is unfavourable to you.

 

To go earlier than other members of the group; to proceed.

 

To agree with someone or something, e.g. The majority of the members voted for him as they go along with what he proposed.

 

(Illness, news, etc.) to pass from person to person, e.g. There’s a rumour going around in the workplace that the manager is keeping a secret lover.

To be enough for everyone to have a share, e.g. There aren’t enough blankets to go around, and some of the evacuees may suffer the cold.

To deliberately do something to offend people, e.g. The new manager goes around telling everyone in sight to put in more effort in their work.

To behave in an unacceptable way, e.g. The cleaner goes around chatting loudly with everyone in the office.

To go from place to place looking for something, e.g. A bargain hunting housewife goes around from store to store looking for the really cheap, discounted items on sale.

 

To leave a place or person, e.g. Jack bade his friend farewell and went away leaving his friend alone on a park bench.

To spend some time elsewhere, e.g. We are going away for a holiday next week.

(Condition, difficulty, etc.) to gradually disappear, e.g. She’s on mediation for her backache and the pain is slowly going away.

 

To return to where you have come from, e.g. He has to go back for his wallet which he left behind.

His smoking habit goes back to his early childhood.

 

To break a promise or an agreement, e.g. He went back on his promise to his wife that he would never to see his ex-lover again.

 

To pass near something or place, e.g. Every day I go by his house on my way to work.

(Time) to pass away, e.g. Five years have gone by since she passed away, and memory of her lives on.

To strictly obey or refer to something, or use it as a guide, e.g. Deeply religious people go by their holy books.

To have an opinion of someone or something, e.g. To choose an employee, would an employer go by looks?

 

To get to a lower level e.g. When the doorbell rang, he went downstairs to answer it.

To get down to another place, e.g. After breakfast we went down to the pool for a swim.

To lose in a match, contest, etc., e.g. They went down 2 -1 in the final.

To get an unfavourable reaction or perception, e.g. His critical attitude does not go down well with his friends and colleagues.

(Something such as computer system, etc.) to stop working, e.g. Long queues formed in the bank as its computer system went down.

To choose  a course of action, e g. The captain chose to go down with the ship.

To become lower, e.g. The price of tomatoes has gone down, attracting many buyers.

To disappear from sight, e.g. We played football until the sun had gone down.

 

To try to get or gain something or get someone.

To decide on achieving something, e.g. He intends, after completing his education, to go for professional sports.

To have a preference, e.g. She goes for tall men.

 

To enter a place such as a building, e.g. We went in as soon as they opened the doors of the cinema.

 

To attack someone physically or verbally.

To enter a contest, etc. or take an examination, etc, e.g. She decided to go in for the quiz show on television.

To like or do something often, e.g. When he was young, he would go in for any kind of sea sports.

 

To enter a profession, business, e.g. I decided not to go into that commercial venture with him.

To expend something on doing something, e.g. A great of time, money, and resources have gone into producing this scientific paper.

To sort out details of something, e.g. They have been going into the details of the draft agreement to finalize it before the meeting.

 

(Gun, bomb, etc.) to fire or explode, e.g. Someone planted a bomb in the police station but it didn’t go off.

(Alarm) to sound, e.g. .Every morning he can only wake up when the second alarm clock goes off.

(Machine, system, etc.) to stop operating, e.g. Every worker leaves the building before the central heating goes off at 8 o’clock.

To do something, e.g. to go off to sleep.

 

To continue to do something, e.g. to go on working on it;

To take place, e.g. something goes on in that building.

To talk for a long time.

To go on with the speech after the break.

To take medication, e.g. go on the pill.

 

To leave the home for some place, e.g. Everyone goes out except me as I have a television program to watch.

(Tide) to ebb, e.g. Tonight we sit at seaside to watch the tide going out to sea.

(Fire) to stop burning, e.g. Firemen battled the forest fire for five straight days before it went out.

To carry on a romantic relationship, e.g. Jack is the only one Jill goes out with, but one cannot be sure about Jack.

 

To visit someone at their house, e.g. go over to uncle’s house.

To move to another place, e.g. go over to the kitchen for a drink.

To examine or check something, e.g. We go over the documents and discuss their contents.

To explain something, e.g. Some students don’t understand the passage, so the teacher goes over it.

To change religion, etc, to go over from this religion to that one.

 

To be enough, e.g. not enough chairs to go round;

To spread, e.g. a rumour goes round that ….

 

To search through or examine carefully, e.g. to go through the files.

To suffer from an ordeal, bitter experience, etc.

To be officially approved, e.g. the bill has gone through parliament with majority approval.

To look for something, e.g. have to go through this drawer to find it.

 

To do something despite opposition, danger, difficulty, etc., e.g. The government decided to go through with its proposal to legalize prostitution despite strong opposition from many quarters.

 

(Ship, etc.) To sink.

(Business) to become bankrupt.

 

To burn or explode, e.g. to go up in flames.

To increase in price, quality, etc., e.g. The increase in demand for flour has caused its price to go up.

To reach further up, e.g. He has gone up the hill twice.

To move from lower to higher level, or from south to north, e.g. We seldom go up to his house as the weather there is so much colder.

 

To confront another person, e.g. She went straight up to him and told him off.

 

To have a romantic relationship with someone.

To accept an idea, etc., e.g. We all have decided to go with his proposal.

To escort, e.g. mother goes with her young daughter to the shop.

To match an item of clothing with another, e.g. She is searching her wardrobe for a skirt to go with her blouse.

 

To experience lack or deprivation, e.g. go without food for two days.

364.

goof around

 

 

goof off

To waste time doing silly things, e.g. He goofs around maybe to prove something, but nobody knows what.

 

To idle or avoid doing any work.

365.

gouge … out

To cut or force something out roughly or violently.

366.

grab at

To quickly seize something with the hand.

To immediately seize an opportunity that is offered.

367.

graft off

To gain money or advantages by dishonest use of influence.

368.

grapple with

To strive to cope with a difficult problem.

369.

grasp at

To seize and hold firmly on to something.

To accept an opportunity eagerly.

370.

grass … over

To cover land with grass.

371.

grind away

grind … down

grind on

grind … out

To work or study hard.

To overwhelm someone with long cruel treatment.

To continue for an unpleasantly long time.

To produce something laboriously.

372.

gross … out

To make someone feel disgusted by something, e.g. The sight of natives eating cooked rats for a meal really grossed them out.

To add deductions, etc. to a net amount.

373.

ground in

To learn the basics in order to do something.

374.

grow apart

grow into

 

 

 

 

 

grow on

 

grow out of

 

 

 

 

 

 

grow up

(Relationship) to become less close.

(Child’s clothes) to become big enough to wear when the child grows into clothes.

To develop into a particular kind of person or thing over time.

To learn successfully to do a job or deal with a situation.

 

(Someone or something) to become more attractive or interesting.

 

(Child’s clothes) to become too big to wear when the child grows out of clothes, e.g. She has grown out of her clothes and is not sure to throw or give them away.

To develop into something bigger or more serious.

To no longer do the thing one does when small, e.g. He has grown out of climbing trees.

 

(Child) to develop to maturity or adulthood.

375.

grub … up/out

To dig something out of the ground.

376.

guard against

To take precautions against something happening.

377.

gulp … back

To refrain from expressing one’s feelings.

378.

gum … up

To clog up something and prevent it from working properly.

379.

gun … down

To shoot someone with a gun.

380.

gussy … up

To make someone or something more attractive

381.

gutter out

To become gradually weaker and then stops completely.

382.

hack into

To use or change someone’s information on their computer system.

383.

hail … as

 

 

hail from

To acclaim someone or something in newspapers, magazines, etc.

 

To have been born in a particular place.

384.

hammer in/into

hammer out

To instill something into someone forcefully and repeatedly.

To laboriously work out the details of an agreement, plan, etc.

385.

hand … around

hand … back

 

 

 

hand … down

 

 

 

hand … in

 

 

hand ... on

 

 

hand ... out

 

 

hand over

To distribute to all members of a group.

To pass back or return something to someone, e.g. The traffic policeman handed my driving licence back to me after inspecting it.

 

To leave something to a successor or those who come after oneself, such as a son, daughter, etc.

To pass or announce something such as a verdict, punishment, etc.

 

To give something to a person in authority, e.g. to hand in one’s papers at the end of an examination, or to hand in a resignation letter.

 

To pass something to another person.

 

To distribute something among a group or publicly.

To pass a verdict, punishment or penalty, etc. on someone.

 

To pass someone or something to someone else for a reason, e.g. He handed his ticket over to the ticket collector.

386.

hang about

hang around

 

 

hang around with

 

hang back

 

 

hang in

 

 

hang on

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hang on to

 

hang out

 

 

 

 

 

 

hang together

 

hang up

To spend time at a place without a good purpose.

To loiter or wait somewhere needlessly, e.g. They like to gather in a group and hang around a shopping centre.

 

To spend a lot of time with someone.

 

To remain behind or unwilling to move around and mix with others.

 

To remain persistent and determined in difficult circumstances.

 

To hold tightly onto something, e.g. She hung tightly on to the rail to prevent herself from falling.

To continue doing something in spite of difficulties, e.g. He has to hang on until the next shift worker arrives to take over.

To rely on someone or something, e.g. Does the relay race hang largely on the ability of the last runner to run very fast?

To ask someone to wait for a short while, e.g. Please hang on. He’ll be taking over in a while.

 

To keep something and reluctant to let go.

 

To be at some place or with some people for some time, e.g. After he dropped out of school he can be seen very often hanging out with a couple of friends at the shopping centre.

To hang something such as clothes, etc. outside to dry them, e.g. I hung out my shoes to dry this morning and now they have gone missing.

 

To cooperate and work towards the same goal.

 

To put the telephone down, e.g. We had to hang up as we had been talking for more than an hour.

To put something up on a hook, etc., e.g. She is always hanging up several clothes on one hook.

387.

hanker after/for

To secretly harbour a strong feeling of wanting to have something.

388.

happen by

happen on

happen to

To find a place by chance.

To come across something or meet someone by chance.

To experience a misfortune.

To wonder the whereabouts and wellbeing of someone after a long time, e.g. whatever happened to my niece?

389.

hark back

To recall things that happened in the past.

390.

harp on

To talk or write continuously and tediously on a topic.

391.

haul … up

To officially bring someone to a court of law to be judged.

392.

have on

 

have … on

 

 

have … out

To be wearing something, e.g. He has on a hat imported from Mexico.

To be using something, e.g. Each time he has the radio on it has to be extremely loud.

 

To have something removed, e.g. to have the appendix out by medical operation.

To bring someone to court to answer for an alleged offence.

393.

haze over

To become hazy.

394.

head back

 

head for

 

head off

To return to a place where one was before, e.g. I had to head back when I realized I had left my wallet at home.

To move toward one’s destination, e.g. I am headed for Montreal and have to speed up in order to arrive there before it gets dark.

To intercept and prevent something from happening.

395.

heal over

(Wound) to have new skins grown over it and become healthy again.

396.

hear from

 

 

hear of

 

 

hear ... out

To receive news from someone by letter, telephone call, etc.

 

To have knowledge of something or someone’s existence, e.g. I had never heard of Black Hole until recently.

 

To listen to all that someone wants to say.

397.

heat up

To become or to make something warm or hot, e.g. By the time I arrived home with the pizza, it had cooled down so I had to heat it up.

(Situation) to become unstable or dangerous.

398.

heave to

(Ship) to turn across the wind in order to stop moving.

399.

hedge … in

 

 

 

hedge against

To be enclosed by something, e.g. a park hedged in with trees.

To feel restricted.

 

To protect against possible problems, especially financial loss.

400.

heel over

To lean to one side as if going to fall, e.g. ship heels over in the storm.