The subject is the thing or person being talked in the sentence such as the action it performs as described by the verb, or the state of being as indicated by the verb. The subject can be a noun, pronoun or noun phrase, and usually comes before a main verb.

EXAMPLE: Beckam kicks the ball. (The subject Beckham does the action of kicking the ball.)
EXAMPLE: She scolds him. / Bees are insects.

 

Sometimes, a subject is not visible but is understood as follow:
Get up (= You get up) / Sit down (= You sit down)

 

There can be no subject if it is a one-word or two-word sentence though the sentence makes sense.
EXAMPLE: Stop! / Go away!

Subject Predicate
Jack sleeps.
Jill loves him.
She is crying.
They play football.
This lady is weak.
That man lives here.

 

 

The predicate tells us all about the subject. It consists of a verb, which may be one word or a phrase as indicated in the following table:

Subject

Predicate

Noun

Verb

Noun

Pronoun

Adjective

Adverb

Jack

sleeps

 

 

 

 

Jill

loves

 

him

 

 

Pronoun

 

She

is crying

 

 

 

 

They

play

football

 

 

 

Noun Phrase

 

This lady

is

 

 

weak

 

That man

lives

 

 

 

here